Preventing miscarriage, abortion, stillbirth and preterm (2)
On this note, let us begin the difficult task of dealing with the reasons for Induced Abortion.
It’s an ironical that while millions of women are desperately looking for babies, others are either having unwanted babies or terminating credible pregnancies of viable and non-deformed foetus.
The most common reason for abortion is unplanned pregnancy caused by unprotected sex or failed protection. Abortion may also result from unwanted pregnancy – that is pregnancy that was initially desired but no longer wanted. Other reasons may be rape, incest or social shame and embarrassment.
Likely Consequences of Abortion: Earlier I mentioned that abortion can be caused by a medical reason or it may be due to what the law sees as illegal.
Induced Abortion is not without consequences. First, let us deal with potential risky outcomes in illegal abortion. When induced abortion is handled by qualified medical doctor, the medic ensures that certain dangers are avoided or minimised. This may not be so in induced illegal abortion in the hands of quacks.
Bleeding: The victim could bleed seriously depending on the age of the pregnancy. Such may be so much as to cost the woman her life if care is not taken. Even if blood is transfused, transfusion also carries many risks.
Infection: Very often, illegal abortion is done in an unhygienic environment. Thus, the procedure may give rise to infection of the womb which may lead to infertility. The blood may also be infected with serious bacteria. This outcome may cause septicaemia and if left untreated, may lead to death. In inexpert hands, perforation or severe damage of the womb, gut, and other internal organs may leave the woman severely injured. As mentioned, all these complications may cause the woman to become infertile after the abortion. Abortion causes Asherman syndrome in which the lining of the womb get stuck, thus not allowing menstrual blood flow to pass out and sperm to migrate into the womb for egg fertlisation.
Guilt and mental health issues: Depending on the disposition of the woman, she may feel guilty of having “killed” a person. She may become anxious and even depressed. All these may subsequently affect her sexual life as well as impair the relationship with her partner.
Infertility could result from excessive vaginal bleeding during or after an abortion or childlessness could result from infection that was introduced into the woman’s reproductive tract during the abortion procedure. In addition, Asherman’s syndrome which I explained above could cause the woman and hence the couple to become childless.
Death: The woman may die from anaesthesia or as a result of infection or excessive bleeding.
Therapeutic Abortion: However, therapeutic abortion (abortion done for medical reason) can be as a result of illness in the mother or to prevent mental or physical illness in the mother. Examples of this is hypertension or preeclapsia that occurs in pregnancy.
On the other hand, abortion can also be done because of severe malformation of the foetus in which if such foetus was to be allowed to term, it may lead to impairment of the physical or mental health of the mother.
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